Ebola Virus Disease: It’s getting serious

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What?

In scientific terms this is called Ebola haemorrhagic fever which is spreading in human beings at a very rapid rate causing severe illness in human with very high fatality rate of around 90%. Ebola virus or Genus Ebola virus obtaines its name from ebola river basically affecting regions of Africa near tropical rainforests regions. It’s a member of filovirus familia and comprises of 5 varying species naming:

  1. Bundibugyo ebolavirus(BDBV)
  2. Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV)
  3. Reston ebolavirus(RESTV)
  4. Sudan ebolavirus(SUDV)
  5. Tai forest ebolavirus(TAFV)

How?

The source of the virus comprises fruit bats, chimpanzees, macaque monkeys, pigs. EBOV & TAFV species are observed in chimpanzees and gorillas while RESTV species was found in infected pigs in regions of China & Philippines since 2008. Ebolavirus disease is an acute disease which spread from human to human through semen transmission, blood infection, spit or even through direct body contact. Even after revival from the illness the person can infect others till 7 days through semen. Being an acute illness it needs to be treated very carefully as it can affect the health care taker too.

Symptoms, Prevention & medication:

Ebola virus disease comes with several symptoms which needs to be examined early for better cure such as, It arrives with the onset of fever, sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea, body pain, internal & external bleeding along with dysfunction of liver, kidneys and low WBC(White Blood cell) count with increased level of liver enzymes. As these symptoms are linked with other fever such as typhoid, malaria, cholera & other related diseases so before coming to the diagnose of ebolavirus the tests for above viral diseases is also necessary. Also the incubation period for this illness could range from 2 to 21 days.

Further, Diagnose of ebolavirus can be done by following processes:

-Serum neutralization tests

-Antigen detection tests

-Antibody-capture-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)

-Electron microscopy

-Virus isolation by cell structure.

Till today, there is no vaccine for this viral illness. The suffering patients requires separation of virus from its semen, also during illness patients gets dehydrated and requires oral rehydration containing electrolyte. As there’s no vaccine available for this disease it has become more important to prevent human beings from getting infected from it and prevention has become the priority over cure. It’s better to be safe rather than suffering, so this is necessary to spread awareness among people about its severity.

To avoid the suffering one needs to follow following steps:

-As the sole host of this virus are animals, so the infected animals should be kept at a distance from human beings.

-Avoid consumption of their meat.

-Avoid any type of contact from suffering people without any safety measure.

-Wash your hands regularly while taking care of the patients even when you are using gloves.

-People who died of this viral disease should be buried properly.

-Biosecurity measures are needed to timely identify infected animals and keeping them away from human beings.

                                                   STAY HEALTHY, STAY HAPPY !!